17 MOOCs In Six Emerging APEC Member Economies –Trends, Research, and Recommendation

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Jung, Insung
Garcia Mendoza, Gibran A.
Fajardo, Jennifer Christine
Figueroa, Roberto B. Jr.
Tan, Siaw Eng
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A collaborative team of five foreign researchers who reside in Japan purposefully conducted research to describe the development of MOOCs in Thailand, the Philippines, Malaysia, Indonesia, Vietnam, and Mexico. It is important to point out that these countries represent six emerging economies that are members of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC). It seeks to answer three key questions: (1) When did MOOCs begin in APEC countries in Southeast Asia and Latin America? (2) How did they develop? (3) How were they supported? To accomplish these goals, research articles published in relevant local, regional, and international journals together with related books and reports were thoroughly examined. Furthermore, interviews of local experts were also conducted to provide meaningful context. This chapter begins with a review of the overall trends of MOOC growth in the six selected countries. It then discusses research findings and local experts’ comments on MOOC-based learning experiences and points out various challenges currently faced as well as apparent opportunities moving forward. Finally, it concludes with several valuable lessons learned from the MOOC experiences of those emerging economies.
Keywords: MOOCs, growth, acceptability, cultural influence of MOOCs; issues and challenges in MOOCs
Research Subject Categories::SOCIAL SCIENCES::Business and economics::Economics, Research Subject Categories::SOCIAL SCIENCES::Social sciences::Education::International education
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