FMDS Student Papers

Permanent URI for this collection

Research outputs by graduate students of the Faculty of Management and Development Studies.


Recent Submissions

Now showing 1 - 5 of 128
  • Item
    ( 2023-05-13) Sadiwa, Malaya M.
    This paper aims to present and introduce the Rights of Nature concept as a growing global framework movement that seeks to protect the environment by recognizing that nature, particularly ecosystems, like humans, have intrinsic rights to live. The Rights of Nature framework acknowledges that ecosystems and natural communities are not mere assets subject to ownership; instead, they are living entities with an inherent and unassailable right to thrive and endure. Its mission is to promote the preservation and revitalization of ecosystems. As of 2022, 24 countries, including Colombia, New Zealand, Bangladesh, Australia, India, seven Tribal Nations in the U.S. and Canada, and over 60 U.S. cities and counties, have introduced laws recognizing nature's rights. In various parts of the world, local and national courts have granted ecosystems the status of living beings and, in some cases, personhood. New laws are continuously being developed to regulate and protect the natural environment. These laws have changed how we view ecosystems and natural communities, giving them rights that can be enforced by people, governments, and communities working to benefit nature. In 2018, the Rights of Nature have been adopted in the Philippines. It is now a growing movement in the Philippines, and they are also pushing for a bill called the Rights of Nature Act 2022 that aims to protect the country's ecosystems by giving legal personhood to nature.
  • Item
    Analysis of the River Area Morphology and Land Use Land Cover (LULC) Change of Padada River Davao del Sur for 2010 & 2020
    ( 2023) Sasuman, Mary Louise J.
    The current socio-economic development and urbanization have caused the loss of the threshold value of balance between the human and nature relationship. This scenario is altering ecosystem functions as a by-product of land use activity. This study aimed to analyze the river area morphology, and land use land cover (LULC) change between two temporal points – 2010 and 2020 of the Padada River in Davao del Sur. Specifically, the study identified the locations with significant changes in the river and the interventions and activities which caused these changes. Furthermore, this paper reviewed the proposed local resolution for lifting the identified "no extraction zone." The researcher used Geographic Information System, Remote Sensing Technology, and paired t-test to analyze the river area within the three-kilometer meandering distance upstream and the five-kilometer meandering distance downstream from the river's main dam. The result showed a statistically significant difference in the river area morphology of the Padada River between 2010 and 2020. The surface area increased by 294,978 sq m upstream and 414,370 sq m downstream. It is recommended that the prohibition of quarrying activities remain absolute and valid until the river naturally reaches its equilibrium state to ensure the integrity and safety of the Padada RIS main dam that provides livelihood and sustains food production and security in the province.
  • Item
    Tourists’ Ability and Willingness to Pay for Karst Landscapes: A case study for the Sustainable Geotourism in Sohoton Cove, Bucas Grande, Siargao Group of Islands, Philippines
    ( 2023) Tan, Chechen M.
    Geotourism is a sustainable form of tourism focused on geological attractions, and is gaining popularity in the Philippines. This study examines the potential for geotourism of the karst landscapes in Sohoton Cove, Bucas Grande Island in the Siargao Island Protected Landscape and Seascape (SIPLAS). A survey of 115 respondents using the Double Bounded Dichotomous Choice Contingent Valuation Method (DC-CVM) was conducted to assess their ability and willingness to pay (WTP) for entrance fees. Results show that most respondents have the ability to pay, considerable disposable income allocated for recrational trips. The existing entrance fee for Filipino adults is Php 30, whereas the average WTP value obtained from the survey is Php 92.86. Respondents' primary income source significantly influences their WTP. Respondents are willing to pay more than the current entrance fee, expressing concern for ecological balance and support for conservation efforts. Understanding tourists' WTP contributes to sustainable geotourism planning, preserving valuable karst landscapes while providing enriching experiences for future generations. The study recommends to raise the entrance fee for Filipino adults to Php 100 and to offer discounts for specific. These would help finance the enhancement of the infrastructure, visitor education, and climate change responses in the area. Studies on Sohoton Cove's carrying capacity is recommended as this is a valuable tool for managing tourism in the area and ensuring that the cove can be enjoyed by visitors for many years to come.
  • Item
    Protecting the Dark Places: An Analysis of Cave Assessment for Cave Management in the Philippines
    ( 2021-01-22) Conlu, Maria Tanya N.
    Caves are hidden and fragile ecosystems that have scientific, cultural and recreational values. The Philippines has 3,193 recorded caves which must undergo assessment, classification and management planning before they can be open to the public, but often this legal process is overtaken by the demands of tourism. This results in irreversible destruction of cave formations and loss of wildlife. This study aims to contribute to cave conservation by looking at the adequacy and gaps of the cave assessment tool and the classification process in so far as they inform management decisions on cave protection measures. Content analysis was done on relevant policies to compare the classification system with other countries to find good practices which may be adapted. Cave assessment reports and management plans of three selected caves with different classifications, namely, Bayukbok I in Bulacan, Bagumbungan in Marinduque, and Hundred in Palawan were also analyzed. Staff of the Department of Environment and Natural Resources - Biodiversity Management Bureau (DENR-BMB), which has jurisdiction over caves, were interviewd, as wel as cave assessors, managers and other stakeholders from the selected sites. The research found that even if guidelines are followed, the effectiveness of the assessment form is only as good as the expertise and perseverance of the team, particularly in putting in precise details. It is recommended that guidelines are added to qualify significant values and hazards and to have a simple chart to guide classification and lessen subjectivity. It is important that cave assessment remains simple, yet these standards can be added to enhance its effectiveness as a management tool for cave protection and tourist safety.
  • Item
    Malaysia's Adaptation to Sea Level Rise
    ( 2022) Patani, Catherine
    The National Coastal Erosion Study 2015, in Malaysia reported that 15% of the 8840 km shoreline is currently eroding and one-third of those are in critical condition and requires structural protection. The shoreline of Malaysia has been exposed to coastal erosion and sea level rise. Sea level rise is very alarming and costly result of climate change that has a great impact in the sustainable development of coastal areas, not only in Malaysia but all over the world. This study will discuss the current and potential impact of sea level rise in several high-risk costal areas in Malaysia and a brief review on the concept of beach nourishment and beach nourishment projects in Malaysia with the aim of bringing awareness that can be used to improve the planning and design in future projects. It will highlight selected coastal protection structures along the shoreline of Malaysia and erosion control and sea level rise adaptation based on coastal management strategies. In conclusion, this study will benefit related offices, agencies and other researchers in their future study or assessment.