FMDS Theses and Dissertations

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Theses and dissertations by graduate students from the Faculty of Management and Development Studies.


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Now showing 1 - 5 of 118
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    ( 2023-08-12) Nalangan, April Rose
    Women seafarers are active agents of delivering economic pursuit to the ASEAN maritime industry. Despite their dynamic contribution, women seafarers still confront gender imbalance giving rise to an array of gender issues experienced during their seafaring career. Hence, this study explores the role of the ASEAN Framework in protecting and promoting women seafarer's rights in selected ASEAN countries-Philippines, Indonesia and Singapore through the ASEAN Gender Mainstreaming Strategic Framework 2021–2025, which assesses the working conditions in the maritime industry as well as identifies the gender issues experienced by women seafarers in an inclusive, participatory, and consultative method. In-depth interviews conducted with Philippine women seafarers shed light on eight prevalent forms of gender-based violence: gender stereotyping and prejudice, gender discrimination, racial and gender discrimination, verbal gender-based violence, bullying and disrespect, psychological and emotional harassment, victim-blaming, and sexual harassment in various forms—physical, verbal, and non-verbal. Meanwhile, Indonesia's women seafarers recount their struggles with discrimination, harassment, bullying, isolation, and a fixed mindset. Similarly, Singaporean women seafarers encounter gender-specific expectations, limitations, misconceptions, and stereotypes entrenched in the maritime industry. This study revealed that the ASEAN frameworks address the gender issues experienced by women seafarers through the full realization and proper implementation of gender mainstreaming embodied with gender equality and women empowerment in the maritime industry. The presence of ASEAN frameworks empowers women seafarers to assert themselves against the barriers of gender issues and navigate their way toward decent working conditions in the shipping industry. Nine (9) existing ASEAN frameworks are found that cover the protection and promotion of migrant women workers' rights as they encompass a scope of guidelines, declarations, and blueprints to ensure the well-being, safety, and equal treatment of women seafarers within the ASEAN region. Further, the research also identifies areas in the ASEAN framework that require improvement to enhance working conditions which are attained through the women's experiences in the maritime industry.
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    ( 2023-07) Ambrocio, Jenzer Mae
    This study explores the pursuit of a good quality of life and the crucial role of government policies in achieving this aspiration. It begins by acknowledging the universal desire for a comfortable and satisfying quality of life, which encompasses good health, strong family bonds, a balanced environment, and a peaceful society. The 1987 Philippine Constitution, particularly Section 9 of Article II, underscores the government's responsibility to promote a just and dynamic social order that uplifts the nation's prosperity and independence while eradicating poverty. Despite its natural wealth, the Philippines faces persistent poverty, with causes including low economic growth, limited employment opportunities, high inflation, and a burgeoning population. The United Nations has cited the country for having one of Asia's highest poverty rates. Poverty's impact on households is far-reaching, affecting access to education, healthcare, housing, and basic sustenance. In response, the Philippine government introduced the Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program (4Ps) in 2009, a conditional cash transfer initiative aimed at addressing poverty. Evaluative studies have shown positive outcomes, including improved healthcare for pregnant women and young children, increased educational participation, reduced child labor, and heightened community engagement. This study delves into the impact of 4Ps on the quality of life of beneficiaries, specifically mothers, and how compliance with program conditions influences their well-being. The research questions explore compliance levels with program conditions and the quality of life in terms of physical health, psychological well-being, social relationships, and the environment. Additionally, the study investigates potential differences in quality of life based on demographic profiles and compliance. The hypotheses suggest significant differences in quality of life concerning demographic factors and between compliant and non-compliant mothers. The study holds significance for various stakeholders, including mothers and families who stand to benefit from increased compliance, nursing practice by emphasizing preventive healthcare, CCT implementers in enhancing compliance, and future researchers using this study as a reference. The study was conducted in a Municipality in the Province of Laguna from November to December 2020, employing descriptive correlational research methods, including documentary analysis and questionnaires. A total of 303 mother-grantees were randomly selected, with inclusion criteria based on registration dates within a specified timeframe. The scope includes compliance with program conditions related to family development sessions, child health monitoring, school attendance, and community involvement. Quality of life assessment covers four domains using the WHO QOL-BREF questionnaire, with language translation considerations. In summary, this study aims to learn the impact of compliance with 4Ps program conditions on the quality of life of mothers, shedding light on the role of conditional cash transfers in improving well-being and contributing to poverty alleviation in the Philippines.
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    ( 2022-08-22) Catulay, Grace D.
    Enhanced Recovery After Surgery was first implemented in 2010 and became known worldwide as a multimodal care pathway with the aim to enhance recovery of patients that have undergone major surgeries. In the specialist hospital here in Saudi Arabia, it was first implemented in 2019. This correlational study was conducted to determine the demographics of the patients, to ascertain the relationship between influencing factors and post operative complication to the length of stay, and the incidence of post-operative complications among gyne-oncology surgery patients under ERAS protocol. As the study has revealed, all age group in the study, from young adults, middle age and older adult participants under ERAS protocol, stayed within almost the same length of days in the hospital. It was also found that patients with minimal invasive surgery have faster full recovery versus open surgery. Carbohydrate loading has also showed that it has great impact in the early recovery thus shorten the length of stay of post-operative patients. On the other hand, multimodal analgesia, early nutrition and early ambulation was found significant in relation to shorter hospital stay. PONV (post-operative nausea and vomiting) is claimed in studies to be the most common post-operative complication in all ages. It has affected some of the participants in varied frequency, intensity and time of manifestations, some within 24 hours and others after 24 hours. Hospital length of stay was greatly affected as data showed average of 80% full improvement on patients without PONV and an average of 20% partial improvement to participants with PONV. Post operative nausea and vomiting definitely affects negatively total patient outcome when the data showed 3.8 days hospital stay on patients affected and 2.9 days on unaffected patients. It is apparent that quality outcome in ERAS implementation will only be achieved with strict compliance to the standard protocol.
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    Work Stress and Resilience Among Nurses Working in Extended Hours During COVID-19 Pandemic in Metro Manila, Philippines
    ( 2023) Mangcucang, Gian Rei
    The COVID-19 pandemic is a global health crisis that has a significant impact on the health of nurses in the Philippines. This study aims to determine the correlation between work stress and resilience of nurses who worked extended hours during the COVID-19 pandemic at a tertiary hospital in Metro Manila. A descriptive-correlation design was utilized as the research design in this study involving nurses. The study included 128 nurse respondents aged 21-59, who experienced working more than 8-hour shifts, and those who rendered direct care to patients with COVID-19 both adult and pediatrics. The survey was conducted from February 1, 2021, to January 31, 2022, at three tertiary hospitals in Metro Manila both private and public. The level of work stress was measured using the Nurses' Occupational Stressor Scale (NOSS) and work resilience with the Resilience Scale for Nurses (RSN). The NOSS was found to be the most significant predictor of work stress among nurses working in prolonged working hours. This research generated data designed to show that work stress has a negative relationship, using Pearson Correlation and Spearman Rank Correlation, and statistical significance with work resilience among nurses who worked extended hours during the COVID-19 pandemic. Furthermore, negative relationship and statistical significance, using Pearson Correlation, were also found in the following demographics: (1) Three years or less at current hospital, (2) married, (3) assigned to COVID-19 ward, COVID-19 pedia, COVID-19 ICU, and COVID-19 OR.
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    Organizational Climate Factors and Retention in the R&D Organization of Filipino Engineers in Greater Manchester, the United Kingdom
    (University of the Philippines Open University, 2023-11-09) Perez, Mike Clester S.
    This study investigated the factors that define the organizational climate and retention in the Research and Development Organization (RDO) of Filipino engineers who migrated to work at an RDO in Greater Manchester, United Kingdom (UK). It discussed the socio-demographic characteristics of selected migrant Filipino engineers and analysed the organizational climate factors and their retention in the Philippines and the UK. A quantitative research design was used with a survey questionnaire administered to 39 Filipino engineers who migrated from 2019 to 2023 from the Philippines or from other countries and who were not yet British citizens. Results confirmed that organizational climate and socio-demographic characteristics influenced the retention decision of Filipino engineers to stay and work long-term in the RDO in the UK. The proposed strategies focused on the significant organizational climate factors Autonomy and Freedom, Conflict, Communication, and Encouragement that can be implemented by R&D managers in retaining Filipino engineers in their RDO. The study provided an understanding of the importance of organizational climate and its significance on Filipino engineers employed inside and outside the country, the initial profiling of migrant Filipino engineers, and the strategies that R&D managers can employ for motivating and retaining knowledge workers like the engineers in the organization.